Types Of Coffee Beans Explained

When you want to make sure that you have the best cup of coffee, you need to understand that it truly depends on the types of coffee beans that you choose. No matter how they are harvested, picked, processed, sorted, roasted, among others, their flavor will be completely different.

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Some people sometimes ask us what’s the best coffee. However, there is now right or wrong answer here. It really depends on your personal preference, on your own taste. And the best way to discover what you prefer is to try out the different types of coffee beans that you have available.

Despite there are more than twenty major species, only 3 are cultivated with the purpose of commercial coffee consumption. The 3 most important types of coffee beans are:

#1: Arabica:


Also known as Coffee Arabica, this type of coffee bean is usually associated with the best coffee and it can be even referred to as gourmet coffee. Featuring plenty of aromatic properties and pleasing flavors, Arabica has almost half of the amount of caffeine from the second most important type of coffee – Robusta.

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Arabica represents about 70% of the world market for coffee beans. One of the main characteristics of this type of coffee bean is that it usually grows on steep terrains. So, it’s virtually impossible to have any mechanical harvesting. However, this presents a golden opportunity for you. When the coffee beans are hand-picked, this usually makes sure that you have a better selection with fewer over or under-ripe beans being chosen.


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Arabica type of coffee usually features a soft and sweet tastes, with lots of fruits, berries, and sugar, when compared with Robusta that has a higher acidity.

Arabica is dominantly grown in Latin America.

#2: Robusta:


Also known as Coffea Canephora, Robusta coffee beans usually have an inferior quality when compared with the Arabica coffee beans. Robusta has around 23% of the market for coffee beans.

Robusta coffee beans are usually grown at lower elevations which make it a lot easier to grow and maintain. One of the things that characterize the Robusta coffee beans is the fact that they are more resistant to diseases, less vulnerable to weather conditions, and they tend to produce more quantity.

Robusta coffee tends to be more acid (or bitter, as most people say) and has a larger amount of caffeine when compared to the Arabica coffee.

Since the Robusta coffee is cheaper to produce, it tends to be mostly sold as an instant coffee. The main regions that predominantly have this type of coffee include West Africa, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Brazil.

#3: Liberian Coffee:


Also known as the Coffea Liberica Bull. ex Hiern, this is the third type of coffee beans that you can find on the market. However, considering it only represents 3% of the entire market of coffee beans, you may have some difficulties to find it.

The Liberian Coffee is grown in the Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Malaysia.

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